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What is autism?

Autism is a complicated, permanent developmental condition that usually manifests in early childhood and has a negative influence on an individual’s social skills, communication, relationships, and self-control. 

In 2013, the name Autism was changed to autism spectrum disorder  (ASD). ASD is a developmental impairment caused by variations in the brain. Some patients with ASD have a recognized abnormality, such as a genetic disorder. Other causes are unknown currently. Scientists believe that ASD is caused by a combination of factors that interact to alter how people develop in the most typical ways. There is still a lot we don’t know about these reasons and how they affect persons with ASD. 

People with ASD may act, talk, interact and learn differently from most of the population. Often, their appearance does not distinguish them from others. Individuals with ASD have a wide range of abilities. Some persons with ASD, for example, may have advanced communication skills while others are nonverbal. Some persons with ASD require extensive assistance in their everyday life, while others can work and live independently.

ASD usually appears before the age of three and can remain for the rest of a person’s life, however signs may improve over time. Within the first year of life, some children develop ASD symptoms. Symptoms may not appear till the child is 24 months old or later in some cases. Some children with ASD learn new abilities and achieve developmental milestones until they are roughly 18 to 24 months old, at which point they cease learning new skills or lose the ones they already have.

What are the signs of autism?

People with ASD may struggle with social interaction and communication, as well as confined or repetitive activities or hobbies. People with ASD may learn, move, and pay attention in various ways. It’s crucial to remember that some of these symptoms can occur in persons who don’t have ASD. These traits can make life difficult for people with ASD. The following specific signs can be found with children with autism:

  • Failing to respond to their name
  • Avoiding making direct eye contact
  • When you grin at them, they don’t smile back
  • If they don’t like a particular taste, smell, or sound, they become extremely irritated
  • Not as talkative as other kids
  • Repeating phrases
  • Unable to express their feelings
  • Having a difficult time making friends or preferring to remain alone

How is autism treated?

ASD is difficult to identify because there is no medical test for the disorder, such as a blood test. To make a diagnosis, doctors examine the child’s behavior and growth. Although there is no one-size-fits-all treatment for Autism, adequate specialist education, speech, language, and occupational therapy, physiotherapy, and behavioral management tactics can all help people with Autism. Current ASD treatments aim to alleviate symptoms that interfere with everyday life and quality of life. Because ASD affects each individual differently, people with ASD have various strengths and problems, as well as different treatment needs. 

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